Genealogy at Tivel.org
||Hendrick (Henrik) TIVEL [1, 2] |
||13 Sep 1847
||Viljandi, Estonia 
||23 Oct 2012 |
||Reet KARU, b. 12 Oct 1855, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia , d. 23 Jan 1882, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia (Age 26 years) |
| ||1. Minna TIVEL, b. 23 Nov 1876, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia , d. 02 Feb 1878, Helme congregation, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi County, Estonia (Age 1 years) |
| ||2. Hans TIVEL, b. 27 Mar 1879, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia , d. Jan 1974, California (Age 94 years) |
| ||3. Ella Marie TIVEL, b. 24 Sep 1881, Tolliste manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||ANNA, b. 25 Feb 1852 |
| ||1. Minna TIVEL, b. 23 Nov 1876, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia , d. 02 Feb 1878, Helme congregation, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi County, Estonia (Age 1 years)  |
| ||2. Hans TIVEL, b. 27 Mar 1879, Koorkula manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia , d. Jan 1974, California (Age 94 years)  |
| ||3. Ella Marie TIVEL, b. 24 Sep 1881, Tolliste manorial district, Viljandi county, Estonia  |
| ||4. Charles TIVEL, b. 22 Jul 1882, Wolmar, Latvia , d. 03 Apr 1958, Santa Anna, Ca. (Age 75 years)  |
| ||5. John (Jaan) TIVEL, b. 1887 |
| ||6. Jule (Julius) TIVEL, b. 04 Feb 1893 |
| ||7. Edward (Eduard) TIVEL, b. 26 Sep 1890 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
FAMILY HISTORY RESEARCH. 05.01.2002
Aim on the research was to find descendants of Henri Tihwel's (of orthodox confession) parents and of Hans Tihwel's birth mother's (of Lutheran confession) parents.
According to the information provided by the client Hans Tihwel lived in Viljandi, later moved to Latvia and England. We looked for Hans's birth registration in Viljandi Lutheran congregations and recordings about him from Viljandi orthodox congregation's materials, but did not find any information about him. The 1858 soul revision of Viljandi did not show any Tihwels.
As the name Tihwel would be spelled Tiivel in present Estonian we looked for the name in the onomastical database. That showed Koorküla manorial district in Helme parish in Viljandi county as the only place where the name Tiivel (originally Tiwel) was given to a peasant family in 1820s when peasants received last names in Livonian province. Unfortunately the commune records of Koorküla have not preserved. Helme-Tõrva orthodox congregation records that are available to researchers begin from 1911. Most of the older records are not available to researchers until late 2003 or 2004.
Although we knew from the client that Hans's father was of orthodox confession we looked for registers of parishioners of Helme Lutheran congregation and found the right family from there.
The Tiivel family was extremely large family. Conversion to orthodox began in 1840s, so Hendrik could have been baptized already in orthodox congregation. It is possible to find more information about the descendants of Hendrik's parents after the older orthodox records begin available. It is possible to do some research already now (birth, death and marriage records from 1847, 1849-1852, 1857-1863 are available), but it takes longer time to use those without other records that show the family all together. And as we found only one sister of Hendrik, then there might not be any other descendants at all. It is possible that Hendrik had more siblings born after 1850.
More information about the descendants of the Karu family and also Hans's sister Ella-Marie can be easily found, but the time limit did not let us do that. The 1997 database we used to find some persons is not complete and may not considered a reliable source.
Jüri (Jürri) Tiivel.
1. s. Risto (Risto) (since <1827) Tiivel. *ca 1810. -1834- sr: in Alu 9 farm. [Married <1835]. -1850- sr: in Laagaste 25 farm, the farmer is not mentioned, several men (including Risto) registered in the farm could be the farmer. In 1858 sr the farmer was Moorits Volt (aka Rebane). Died 1850-1858. No male children found from Helme congregation birth records 1847-1849.
Wife Viiu (Wio). *ca 1813. Alive 1850. [Died, moved or remarried before 1858].
A. d. Sohvi (Soffi) Tiivel. *ca 1838. -1850- sr: in Laagaste 25 farm.
B. s. Hendrik (Hendrik, Henrik) Tiivel. *ca 1848. Birth not found in Helme congregation 1847-1849. Birth records of orthodox congregations of Viljandi county from 1848 are not available for researchers. -1850- sr: in Laagaste 25 farm. -1858- sr: in Anipõlde 38 farm, there were very many families registered in that farm, including some other Tiivels, but they were not closely related to Hendrik. In 1858 sr the only Hendrik Tiivel in Koorküla md was this Hendrik. It is very likely that this is the person we were looking for, although it must be confirmed with other records not available at the moment. No Hendrik Tiivel is found in Koorküla md in Helme congregation's registers of parishioners 1841-1850 (one found, but he lived only 1843-1845) and 1851-1861. [-1874-1897- of orthodox confession]. Married December 1875 [not in Helme congregation]. 1879- supervisor in Koorküla manor. As he was recorded in the Helme congregation's registers of parishioners only as a husband of a Lutheran woman, no more information about him is available in the registers. It is likely, as his daughter was born in Tõlliste that he moved there later. Tõlliste is by a railroad and next to Tartu-Valga-Riga road. We did not find any information about his other marriages, but those must have been registered in orthodox congregations and we could not use those.
Wife Reet (Reet) Karu. *10.12.1855 in Koorküla. Confirmed 1874 in Helme congregation. +23.01.1882. [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
I. d. Minna (Minna) Tiivel. *23.11.1876 in Koorküla md. (*)02.12.1876 [in Helme congregation]. +02.02.1878 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
II. s. Hans (Hans) Tiivel. *27.03.1879 in Koorküla manor. (*)02.04.1879 in Helme congregation by local schoolteacher. G: single hired hand [manor servant?] Hans Ilves, single hired hand [manor servant?] Aadu Grünwaldt, maid Riin Vastison. 1889 joined Valmiera congregation. According to new calendar his birth date should be 08.04.1879.
III. d. Ella-Marie (Ella Marie) Tiivel. *24.09.1881 in Tõlliste md. (*)02.10.1881 [in Helme congregation]. 1899 joined Valga congregation.
There was Ann Tiivel marked under number II as Hendrik Tiivel was under number I in a register of parishioners 1874-1896. There were other Tiivels before them, but they had a separate numeration. Ann could be Hendrik's sister, but their father's names are not listed in this register. Ann was probably also baptized Lutheran, she was certainly Lutheran in 1879 when she was confirmed. Kristjan is in the register right after Ann, but without any number, because he was orthodox. There are several Tiivel families in the register of parishioners who could be families of Hendrik's siblings, but at this point it is difficult to determine that.
Ann (An) Tiivel. *ca 1853 in Koorküla md. Births of orthodox congregations of Viljandi county from 1853 are not available for researchers. Confirmed 1879 in Helme congregation. We did not find her confirmation from 1879 Helme confirmation records, the remark could be a mistake (wrong year - she could have been confirmed 1869) or about someone else (his husband), but we did not find anyone to connect with Ann from 1879 lists of confirmed. Married 1880 [outside Helme congregation]. 1880 left Helme congregation.
Husband Frits (Fritz) Ehrlich.
Kristjan (Christian, Kristjan) Tiivel. -1878- Lutheran, later orthodox [until death]. [+<1896].
Wife Ann (An, Ann) Rimmel. *18.02.1853. Baptized in orthodox congregation. -1878- Lutheran. Later until 23.04.1906 orthodox, after that again Lutheran. +01.03.1920 [in Tartu], death registered in Tartu Peetri congregation.
1. d. Mari (Mari, Marri) Tiivel. *25.11.1878 in Kaaba farm. (*)17.12.1878 in Helme congregation by local schoolteacher. G: maid Mari Krimmel, maid Liis Sikk, farmhand Aadu Lill. Confirmed 1896 in Helme congregation. 1906 joined Tartu Peetri congregation.
Toomas (Tomas) Karu, son of Aadu (Aadu). *09.05.1821 in Koorküla md. Confirmed in 1838 in Helme congregation. Married in 1841 [in Helme congregation]. [He and his family lived -1863-1875- in Kõrepaju farm]. +10.10.1903 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
Wife Toora (Tora). *ca 1821 in Koorküla md. Confirmed in 1838 in Helme congregation. +15.08.1870 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
1. d. Viiu (Wio) Karu. *13.08.1843 in Koorküla md. Confirmed in 1859 in Helme congregation. In 1863 had an illegitimate daughter with Jüri (Jürri) Laan (*24.08.1835 in Uue-Võidu md, confirmed 1852 in Viljandi [Pauluse] congregation, +28.12.1862, buried in Viljandi [Pauluse] congregation, hung himself while in delirium from drinking). In 1865 had another illegitimate daughter with Ludvig (Ludw.) Mägi (Maggi). In September 1869 joined Valga congregation (might be misinformation). 1878 married.
A. d. Ruta (Ruta?) Karu(?). *31.10.1863 (1863 unsure). (*)03.12.1863 (1863 unsure). +14.01.1868 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
B. s. Kusti (Kusti) Karu(?). *28.12.1865 in Roobe md. (*)??.12.1865 [in Helme congregation]. +30.01.1866 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation]. Remark between his birth and death date in the register of parishioners: +geb 73 (Moritz). Geb might be 'geboren' (born in German), 73 must be a year, Moritz was his mother's husband's last name, but we cannot decipher what the remark means.
Husband Frits (Fritz) Moritz.
2. d. Leena (Leno, Leena) Karu. *06.09.1846 in Koorküla md. Confirmed 1863 in Helme congregation. Married 23.10.1866 [in Helme congregation]. +07(?).09.1918. [Buried in Helme congregation].
Husband Kusta (Kusta) Ass. *03.02.1838 in Sooru md. Confirmed 1856 in Valga congregation. +24.07.1916. [Buried in Helme congregation].
A. d. Ann (An) Ass. *09.06.1868 in Koorküla md. (*)13.06.1868 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 1887 in Valga congregation. Married December 1890 in Valga congregation.
Husband Abram (Abram) Säinas.
B. s. Aadu (Aado) Ass. *27.11.1871 in Koorküla md. (*)02.12.1871 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 1889 in Helme congregation. [+<1940 in America].
3. d. Ann (An) Karu. *17.09.1849 in Koorküla md. Confirmed 1866 in Helme congregation. Married in April 1872 [in Helme congregation]. +29.12.1939 in Võisiku. Buried in Helme congregation.
Husband Anzis (Anzis) Wessels. *06.03.1840 in Ruijena md. Confirmed 1858 in Ruijena congregation. +18.05.1879 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
A. s. Johan (Johann, Johan) Wessels. *17.05.1874 in Koorküla md. (*)26.05.1874 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 1891 in Helme congregation. Married 02.11.1903 in Helme congregation. Last name (?) Puide is written after Johan's name in register of parishioners 1896-1940). But this kind of name change has not taken place in Estonia according to onomastical database. [Alive in 1940].
Wife Karoline (Karoline) Kulbok. *25.04.1883 in Veelikse (? poorly written in register of parishioners) md. (*)14.05.1883 [in Helme congregation?]. Confirmed 1901 in Helme congregation. [Alive in 1940].
I. d. Elise Irene (Elise Irene) Wessels. *08.01.1906 in Ala md. (*)30.01.1906 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 13.07.1824 in Helme congregation. Married 20.05.1929. [Alive 1940].
Husband Jaan (until 30.07.1936 Johann (Johann)) Petsalu (until 1936? Petersell), son of Ainto. *26.05.1897 in Neek (we cannot identify this place). (*)15.06.1897 [in Helme congregation?]. [Alive 1940].
1) d. Maia (until 12.01.1937 Maija (Maija)) Petsalu (until 1936? Petersell). *11.11.1929 in Hummuli commune. (*)20.04.1929 [in Helme congregation]. [Alive 1940]. In 1997 there was Maia Kalm (*11.11.1929), living at Haapsalu mnt 47-9 in Keila, Harju county. In present phone register there is Maia Kalm, living in Kõrgemäe farm in Üksnurme village in Saku commune in Harju county (phone 672 5593).
2) d. Eda Mall (Eda Mall) Petsalu (until 1936? Petersell). *28.01.1931 in Hummuli commune. (*)30.01.1932 [in Helme congregation]. [Alive 1940]. In 1997 database there are no Edas born on 28.01.1931.
3) s. Ainto (Ainto) Petsalu (until 1936? Petersell). *22.08.1934 in Jõgeveste commune. (*)19.03.1938 [in Helme congregation]. [In 1997 lived at Pargi 3-42, Nissi, Harju county].
4) d. Ene (Ene) Petsalu. *22.06.1937 in Jõgeveste commune. (*)27.02.1938 [in Helme congregation]. +12.03.1938. [Buried in Helme congregation].
II. s. Harry Johann (Harry Johann) Wessels. *29.01.1912 in Hummuli md. (*)26.02.1912 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 01.07.1934 in Helme congregation. Married 23.12.1939 in Helme congregation.
Wife Ella (Ella) Nuuter. *02.01.1913 in Jõgeveste md. (*)27.01.1913 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 01.07.1934 in Helme congregation.
III. d. Stillborn. *+13.11.1916 in Hummuli md. [Buried in Helme congregation].
B. d. Liisa (Liisa) Wessels. *23.07.1885 in Koorküla md. Born outside marriage. (*)28.07.1885 [in Helme congregation]. Confirmed 18.05.1903 in Helme congregation. Married 18.03.1907 in Helme congregation.
Husband Hermann (Hermann) Kulbok. Not found in Helme register of parishioners.
4. s. Aadu (Ado) Grünwaldt. He must be an adopted son (although it was usually mentioned in the registers of parishioners) or changed his last name from Karu to Grünwaldt (it was done so if a person wanted to have a German sounding name). *30.12.1851 in Koorküla md. Confirmed 23.11.1869 in Helme congregation. In 1875 joined Evele congregation. -1879- worked as a hired hand [in Koorküla manor?].
5. d. Reet (Reet) Karu. See Tiivel family.
6. s. Jüri (Jürri) Karu. *14.07.1863 in Koorküla md. (*)21.07.1863 [in Helme congregation]. +02.12.1864 [in Koorküla md]. [Buried in Helme congregation].
VARIATIONS OF LAST NAMES
Tiivel=Tiwel, Tievel, Tiewel
Ala - manor in Helme parish
Alu (Alo) - farm in Koorküla md
Anipõlde (Anipõlde, Annipölde) - farm in Koorküla md
Evele (in German Wohlfahrt) - lutheran congregation in Latvia
Helme - parish in Viljandi county (now Valga county)
Helme congregation - Lutheran congregation in Helme parish
Hummuli - manor and commune in Helme parish
Jõgeveste - manor and commune in Helme parish
Kaaba (Kaba, Kaaba) - farm in Patküla md
Koorüla - manor in Helme parish
Kõrepaju (Kõrepaju) - farm in Koorküla md
Laagaste (Lagaste) - farm in Koorküla md
Luga?i - parish in Valga county in Latvia
Patküla - manor in Helme parish
Roobe - manor in Helme parish
Ruijena - manor in Ruijena parish
Ruijena - parish in Latvia
Ruijena congregation - Lutheran congregation in Ruijena parish
Saarde - parish in Pärnu county
Sangaste - parish in Tartu county (now Valga county)
Sooru - manor in Luga?i parish
Tartu Peetri congregation - Lutheran congregation in Tartu
Tõlliste - manor in Sangaste parish
Uue-Võidu - manor in Viljandi parish
Valga congregation - lutheran congregation in Valga city
Valmiera (in German Wolmar) - lutheran congregation in Latvia
Veelikse - manor in Saarde parish
Viljandi - parish in Viljandi county
Viljandi Pauluse congregation - lutheran congregation in Viljandi parish
Võisiku - commune in Viljandi county
Võisiku - village in Võisiku commune
Estonian Historical Archives
Fund 1296 - Helme Lutheran congregation
Registers of births, marriages and deaths: 1847?1849 (1-154?156), 1875-1876 (1-355), 1878 (1-357), 1879-1886 (1-358)
Register of confirmations: 1855-1889 (1-195)
Fund 1865 - Collection of Livonian revision lists
Revision lists and transcription lists of Koorküla and Asu manors: 1850-1857 (3-182/1), 1858-1914 (3-186/1)
Revision lists and transcription lists of Viljandi city: 1858 (3-281/5)
Fund 1655 - Synod of Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church
Fund 3149 - Viljandi Jaani Lutheran congregation
Registers of births, marriages and deaths: 1878 (1-19)
Fund 1290 - Viljandi Pauluse Lutheran congregation
Registers of births, marriages and deaths: 1878 (1-320)
Fund 1995 - Viljandi Johannese orthodox congregation
Records about marriages: 1859-1891 (1-19), 1872-1877 (1-20)
Fund 1918 - Helme-Tõrva orthodox congregation
Ministry of Internal Affairs, Population Facts Department
Fund 18 - Helme Lutheran congregation
Registers of parishioners: 1841-1850 (1-429), 1851-1861 (1-431), 1863-1875 (1-433), 1874-1896 (1-435), 1876-1926- (1-436), 1896-1940 (1-437)
Tallinn City Archives
Fund 1376 - Address bureau of Tallinn
Registration lists, Tie-Tiik: -1914-1929- (1-278)
Registration lists, Tiil-Tikb: -1914-1929- (1-279)
Publications and databases
Eesti Ettevõtted. [http://www.ee.ee/]. 05.01.2003.
Eesti mõisad. Tallinn, 1994.
Estonia estonorum : Eesti 1940 : ajalooline geograafia. Koostanud Heino Puhk. Don Mills [Kanada] : s.n., 1996.
Infobaas. 1997. Copy in Estonian Biographical Center.
Onomastika NET. [http://www.history.ee/ono/]. 03.01.2003, 05.01.2003.
Old names - New names. [http://members.ozemail.com.au/
1011 Soe. Tallinn, 1939. Series: Eesti kaart 1:50000 (Kv. st. topo-hüdrograafia osakond).
Research performed by Merike Ivask and Fred Puss, report created by Fred Puss.
Addition: Principles of report.
Sorry for the long silence. There have been some changes with the availability of records. The Russian Orthodox records until 1891 were handed over to a public archives in Tartu, but they will not be available to researchers for some time (maybe until September). So at the moment it is not possible to get any information from those records. However, I found something interesting and I wanted to let you know about that.
>From the transcription lists (lists where people who changed their
registration - the place where they payd taxes to, where they were under court jurisdiction etc) of Koorküla from the year 1895 give full information of Hendrik's family: Hendrik Tiivel, born 13.09.1847, wife Anna, born 25.02.1852, sons Hans (27.03.1879), Karl (08.07.1883), Jaan (1887 - no date given), Eduard (26.09.1890), Julius (04.02.1893). They were registered to Volmari (in Latvian Valmiera) commune in Volmari county on 17.02.1895. It does not mean they actually moved that year, but they were in Volmari at least since 17.02.1895. The names are in Cyrillic in the original, so this is just a normal transcription of the names. I will include Cyrillic names in the report. And it gives the birth year of Karl as 1883, not 1882! The dates are according to old style, you have to add 12 days to get a new style date.
Still his birth was not registered in Helme orthodox church or the surrounding Lutheran churches. In 1881, when Ella Marie was born, Hendrik was a post worker (in German Postkerl, it is a mail carrier with a
carriage) in Tõlliste (Tolliste, with tilde over letter o, in German
Teilitz) post station. You could use http://atlas.ibs.ee to locate Tõlliste, type Tõlliste (I am not sure how you can get the o with tilde, just copy-paste from some Estonian website or my email if it arrives OK) and then press "otsi" and choose "külad: Tõlliste...". Then you can see it on the map.
What about continuing the research? Although it was said in 1894 that Hendrik's wife was Lutheran I did not find his wife from any registers of parishioners of Helme or Sangaste (Tõlliste belonged to Sangaste parish). I did not look for any Annas born on 25.02.1852 yet. But it seems I cannot find much more about Hendrik's family from Estonian records until the orthodox records become available. Even then records after 1891 will be held in the registry office where research is not allowed. They sent me some information about Hendrik already, but I cannot ask them to look through records of several years. What do you suggest?
- [S21] Public Member Trees, Ancestry.com, (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;), Database online.
Record for Charles (Karl) Tivel
- [S4] California Death Index, 1940-1997, Ancestry.com, (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2000;), Database online. Place: Orange; Date: 3 Apr 1958; Social Security: 568095108.
Record for Charles Tivel