Abt 1840 - 1899
||Jonathan ATKIN |
||08 Apr 1899
||St Swithins Cemetery, Lincoln
||23 Oct 2012 |
||Martin ATKIN, b. Bef 03 Oct 1802, West Keal, Lincolnshire , d. Bef 18 Sep 1882 |
||Mary Ann JACKSON, b. Bef 23 Sep 1804, Mavis Enderby, Lincolnshire , d. 24 Jul 1860, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England |
||15 May 1822
||Orby, Lincolnshire, England
||Betsy JEFFERY, b. Bef 18 Mar 1847, Hagworthingham, Lincolnshire , d. Bef 05 Jul 1887, Canwick, Lincolnshire, England |
||14 May 1871
| ||1. Jacob ATKIN, b. Abt 1874, Lincoln, England , d. 20 Nov 1936, St Swithins Cemetery, Lincoln |
| ||2. Matilda ATKIN, b. 28 Feb 1876, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England , d. 29 Jan 1965, Mariposa, Ca. |
| ||3. Thomas ATKIN, b. Abt 12 Jul 1878, Lincoln, England , bur. October 4, 1878 |
| ||4. Emma ATKIN, b. 19 Apr 1880, Lincoln, England , d. 13 Dec 1961, San Diego, Ca. |
| ||5. Elizabeth ATKIN, b. Mar 1872, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England , d. 11 Nov 1964, St Swithins Cemetery, Lincoln |
Very fruitful day yesterday. I spent some six hours on your research between the Archives and Lincoln Central Library.
In reply to your lastest email - sounds ok to me. I shall be sending you a printout of the ATKINS tree when I get my computer talking to my printer. For some reason they have "fallen out" of favour with each other and I shall have to wait until my computer literate son comes for a visit (next week I hope!). The printouts of the families will make sense of the whole picture.
With regard to "Workhouses" - no these are not prisons - they are more institutions where people/families found themselves when they were not capable of fending for themselves, e.g. when a man could not earn enough to feed his family; or someone who is too old/infirm to work; or they have an affliction which unables them to work. In many cases their family members are too poor or didn't have enough room (or didn't want) to look after the person in question. The workhouses took in work from various sources for the "inmates" to do to earn their keep. For example the women would do laundry sent in from maybe the Inns, etc. in the area.
Now to the findings of yesterday. I firstly enquired about the marriage of William JACKSON and Mary GRIMES in 1803 Burgh le Marsh. No, the Archives do not have the marriage register, only the Book of Banns and they agree with me that the marriage would have taken place during the week following the 10th April. They presume, as I did, that the marriage register must have been either lost or destroyed as all the other registers of that time had been lodged with the Archives so there was no reason why the marriage register was not, if it existed. I took a copy of the Banns.
I looked for Mary GRIME's baptism in Burgh, but could not find her. I resorted to the IGI and the nearest Mary GRIME to be baptised and of feasible age was a Mary GRIME baptised on 29th April, 1778 in Candlesby - a village not far from Burgh le Marsh. I looked at this and it only gave a John GRIME as father, the mother's name was either missed off or time had eroded it. Looking further at the Candlesby baptisms I noted a John GRIME baptised to a John and Mary GRIME on 22 Mar 1781 and presume that this family were the one and same as Mary's. I took a copy of the entry for Mary but cannot confirm 100% that this is her family. I would need to obtain Mary JACKSON's age on her demise to do this. The first copy did not come out too well, so had to take another.
I proceeded to Edwin JEFFERY and visited Lincoln Central Library - limited time there - they will only let you have the reader which takes photocopies for one hour at a time! I searched all the JEFFERY (and variants) entries around Stickford and Firsby in the 1871 census, as we know from the 1881 census that he and his family were in Stickford and some children born in Firsby. No entries came up for Stickford but two for Stickney - looked at these but Edwin not there and likewise for Firsby.
Not to be beaten I went to the 1861 census and found him and family in Firsby. He was listed as Edward not Edwin but it is the same family. Edwin was down as aged 35, Shepherd, born Hagworthingham. Elizabeth, wife, aged 33, born Hull, Yorkshire (she was born in Goole according to the 1881 census!). Family: George, aged 13; Thomas aged 11; Charlotte aged 8; Emma aged 4; Matilda aged 2 and Harriot aged 3 months - all children born Hagworthingham. Harriet is on the 1881 census with Edwin and Elizabeth in Stickford but stated that she was born in Firsby in the 1881 census, together with Isabella, dau., aged 16 born Firsby.
I then went to the 1851 census of Firsby and took a copy of that. In this census Edwin was aged 27, Ag Lab, born Hagworthingham. Elizabeth, wife, aged 24, born Hull, Yorkshire. Children: Betsy aged 4 and George aged 3 both born in Hagworthingham; Thomas, aged 1 and Edwin aged under 2 months both born Firsby.
So, Dennis, we have conflicting birthyears for Edwin. 1881 census = 1828; 1861 census = 1826 and 1851 census = 1824. I verily think that 1824 is correct and he "knocked off" a few years on every census making him younger each time!!! Elizabeth's age was fairly consistent for the 1851 and 1861 census, but she too lost two/three years off her age in the 1881 census. Very common in my experience!
The common denominator for Edwin was that he was born in Hagworthingham, so I went the baptisms between 1823 and 1829 and found only one entry for an Edwin JEFFERY. Son of Thomas and Mary JEFFERYS, entry 190, born on 31st August and baptised on 14 Sept 1823. Thomas was described as being a "butcher". I think we can safely say this is his family. I took a copy of this entry.
Children of the family headed by Thomas and Mary JEFFERY were :
John bap: 17 Dec 1815
Francis bap 27 Apr 1817 (male)
Walls bap: 07 Mar 1819
Thomas bap: 06 May 1821
Edwin bap: 14 Sep 1823
Elizabeth bap: 17 Jun 1825
Lucy Ann bap: 14 Feb 1830
Francis JEFFERY was found in the National Burial Index (NBI) to be buried on 20 March 1877 aged 60 in Hagworthingham.
John JEFFERY is on the 1881 census at the Royal Oak, Candlesby as a lodger, ag lab, married, aged 65, born Hagworthingham - lodging with a John KIDD and family who were Farmers and Innkeepers. Also lodging with this family was an Arthur JEFFERY, ag lab, aged 13 born Hagworthingham. No sign of John's wife living with this family.
Also in the 1881 census I found Lucy Ann JEFFREY, sister-in-law, ag lab daughter, unmarried, age 50, born Hagworthingham living in the household of James TODD in Hagworthingham. James TODD's wife was Elizabeth TODD (nee JEFFERY) age 54, born Hagworthingham. Elizabeth's baptism was in 1825 so she should have had an age of 56 rather than 54 - did she knock off a few years also!!! We know this is Lucy Ann's sister as Lucy Ann was described as "sister-in-law" to the Head of the household, James TODD. James TODD was aged 50 born Hemingsby, so maybe Elizabeth reduced her age - her being 6 years older than her husband! The children of James and Elizabeth TODD were : Mary, age 22, unmarried, born Hagworthingham; Walls, age 14, born Hagworthingham; and John E., age 12, born Aswardby. Also living in this household was a Thomas W. JEFFREY, aged 5, born Mavis Enderby, described as a grandson of James TODD.
NB: Note the spelling of JEFFERY changed - this would have been the enumerators spelling when taking the census.
I looked for the marriage between Thomas JEFFERY and Mary ? - found a marriage between Thomas JEFFERYES and Mary HODGKINSON on 22 January 1815 in Hagworthingham, witnesses: William BAILEY and what looks like Elizabeth JEFFERY. I took of a copy of this entry.
I noted from the NBI that a Thomas JEFFERY died 1866 and looked at the parish register burials for Hagworthingham and took a copy of the entry. The details were that he was buried on the 18th March 1866, aged 84 years (again his surname was spelt JEFFREY) which gives us a birthyear of circa 1782. Mary JEFFERY (nee HODGKINSON) was buried on 05 Mar 1857, age 71, Hagworthingham - giving us a birthyear of circa 1786.
I could not find a Thomas JEFFERY baptised in Haworthingham circa 1782 and looked at the IGI for possibilities and found him baptised on 08 July 1781 in St. Martins, Welton le Marsh, son of Walls and Elizabeth JEFFERY. The fact that his father was called "Walls" and he named one of his sons, Walls, confirms that this is his family as it is not a very common name. I suspect strongly that we will find a WALLS marriage somewhere along the line!!
I looked at the Welton le Marsh parish register baptisms and found a very faded page but managed to acquire a near decent copy (2nd try). This baptism register was very badly damaged by damp so I had to resort to the IGI for other siblings. I found a Benjamin JEFFERY baptised 19 Mar 1780 Welton le Marsh. I suspect that a William JEFFERY baptised 26 Feb 1778 Hagnaby by Spilsby is also their child as I will explain later.
Likewise, I think this family went from Welton le Marsh to Winceby as I found :
Sarah JEFFERY bap: 17 Nov 1786 Winceby
Eleanor JEFFERY bap: 20 Apr 1785 Winceby
Walls JEFFERY bap: 05 Oct 1789 Winceby
In the marriage index I found a Walls JEFFERY marrying an Elizabeth BARNFATHER on 5th June 1777 Hagworthingham. The entry gave "Whals JEFFERIES of the Parish of Hagnaby and Elizabeth BARNFATHER, both single persons who married by licence by me, ?????????, 5th June 1777". I took a copy. The fact that Walls was of Hagnaby makes me believe that William bap. 1778 in Hagnaby was indeed Walls and Elizabeth's first born.